Selected Malaysian Timber Species

Welcome to the exciting world of made-in-Malaysian timber products, whether made predominantly using Malaysian timbers, or in combination with other timber species from around the world. From the humblest of beginnings during the last century when logs from the forests were pit-sawn manually to produce planks and boards, the Malaysian timber industry has undergone tremendous development and evolution to become a vibrant multi-billion dollar industry and a well-known global leader in the production and trading of timber products.

The very diverse range of products now offered to the marketplace includes logs, sawntimber, mouldings, veneer, plywood, particleboard, medium density fibreboard, builders' carpentry and joinery items, wooden and rattan furniture as well as niche market products like picture frames, pre-finished parquetry, glued laminated timber and laminated veneer lumber. This section provides background information on several of these products.

Malaysian commercial hardwoods range from heavy and medium weight construction timbers to fine furniture woods which are appreciated for a variety of uses and performance. They are available in a range of export grade lumber, according to the Malaysian Grading Rules, or as laminated scantlings, mouldings, builders' carpentry and joinery products, veneer, plywood and other panel products. Twenty of the more popular Malaysian species are:

  • Balau (Shorea spp.)
  • Bintangor (Calophyllum spp.)
  • Chengal (Neobalanocarpus heimii)
  • Dark Red Meranti (Shorea spp.)
  • Gerutu (Parashorea spp.)
  • Kasai (Pometia spp.)
  • Kelat (Syzygium spp.)
  • Keledang (Artocarpus spp.)
  • Keruing (Dipterocarpus spp.)
  • Mengkulang (Heritiera spp.)
  • Merbau (Intsia spp.)
  • Nyatoh (Palaquium spp.)
  • Kembang Semangkok (Scaphium spp.)
  • Kempas (Koompassia malaccensis)
  • Red Balau (Shorea spp.)
  • Yellow Meranti (Shorea spp.)
  • Sepetir (Sindora spp.)
  • Mersawa (Anisoptera spp.)
  • Merpauh (Swintonia spp.)
  • Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis)


The comprehensive technical properties of these timber species and more are detailed here.

For samples of exciting projects using Malaysian timbers, please check out our Projects section.