The Standard Malaysian Name for the timber of Dacrydium spp., Falcatifolium falciforme and Phyllocladus spp. (Podocarpaceae). The ASEAN Standard Name, which is of Indonesian origin, for the timber is MELUR. Vernacular names applied include ekor (Peninsular Malaysia) with various epithets, jati padang (Peninsular Malaysia) and ru (Peninsular Malaysia) with various epithets. Major species include Dacrydium beccarii, D. comosum, D. elatum, D. gibbsiae; Falcatifolium falciforme; and Phyllocladus hypophyllus. The sapwood is not differentiated from the heartwood, which is buff with a pinkish tinge or golden brown.

Also known as Celery pine, Huon pine, Papua New Guinea celery-top pine (Australia); Srol-kraham (Cambodia); Yaka (Fiji); Bejalin, Kayu alau, Kayu empire, Kayu karongan and Melur (Indonesia); Taw-kyet-gale-pan (Myanmar); Red pine, Rimu, Silver pine and Westland pine (New Zealand); Celery pine, Dacrydium and Papua New Guinea celery-top pine (Papua New Guinea); Binaton, Dalung, Galingkinga, Lokinai and Salumayag (Philippines); Dacrydium (Soloman Islands); Phayamakhampom, Samphanpi and Sonhangkarok (Thailand); and Hoang dan (Vietnam).


The timber is a Softwood with a density of 435-705 kg/m3 air dry.


The timber is non-durable and is subject to drywood termite attacks.


Texture is very fine and even, with straight grain.


The timber is reported to be weak.


The timber is reputed to work very easily and produces a smooth and somewhat lustrous surface.


Nailing property is satisfactory.


The timber seasons well without serious degrade. Thicker boards must be dried slowly to avoid surface-checking. Warping in the form of slight to moderate twist may occasionally occur, while flat-sawn boards may cup to a slight extent.


Shrinkage is very high, with radial shrinkage averaging 2% and tangential shrinkage averaging 4.7%.


The timber should be suitable for decorative works, if available in sufficient quantities. It can be used for panelling, mouldings, partitioning, pattern making, plywood, joinery, staircase (handrail), furniture, match boxes and splints as well as disposable chopsticks.


  1. Menon, P. K. B. 1986. Uses of Some Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. Timber Trade Leaflet No. 31. The Malaysian Timber Industry Board and Forest Research Insitute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 48 pp.
  2. Wong, T. M. 1982. A Dictionary of Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. & Chung, R. C. K. Malayan Forest Record No. 30. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 201 pp.