Tampoi

INTRODUCTION

The common Malaysian Name for the timber of Baccaurea spp. (Euphorbiaceae). Vernacular names applied include tampoi (Peninsular Malaysia and Sabah) with various epithets, asam pohong (Peninsular Malaysia), asam tambun (Peninsular Malaysia), belimbing hutan (Sabah), jintek bukit (Peninsular Malaysia), jintek-jintek (Peninsular Malaysia), kunau-kunau (Sabah), limpaung (Sabah), mesekam (Peninsular Malaysia) and rambai hutan (Peninsular Malaysia and Sabah). Major species include B. angulata, B. sumatrana and B. parviflora. The sapwood is not differentiated by colour from the heartwood, which is light yellow-brown and darkening to brown with a purple-red or orange-yellow tinge.

Also known as Kepundung, Menteng and Tampui (Indonesia); Fai (Laos); Kanaso and Mai-mak-hpa (Myanmar); Baloiboi and Dilak (Philippines); and Mafai, Rambai and Somfai (Thailand).


DENSITY

The timber is moderately hard and heavy with a density of 630-950 kg/m3 air dry. The timber is classified under Medium Hardwood in Malaysia.


NATURAL DURABILITY

It is reputed to be durable and can be treated with preservatives.


TEXTURE

Texture is moderately fine but uneven due to the presence of the large rays. Grain is straight or shallowly interlocked.


AIR DRYING

The timber seasons moderately slowly without serious degrade.


USES

The timber is suitable for medium construction under cover, posts, beams, joists, rafters, furniture and plywood.


REFERENCES

  1. Menon, P. K. B. 1986. Uses of Some Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. Timber Trade Leaflet No. 31. The Malaysian Timber Industry Board and Forest Research Insitute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 48 pp.
  2. Wong, T. M. 1982. A Dictionary of Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. & Chung, R. C. K. Malayan Forest Record No. 30. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 201 pp.