Sungkai

INTRODUCTION

The common Malaysian Name for the timber of Peronema canescens (Verbenaceae). The heartwood is cream-coloured to light yellow or light brown and not well defined from the sapwood. The timber resembles teak wood very much and as such, it is often referred to as "white teak" in the trade.

Also known as Jati londo, Jati sabrang, Kurus and Sungkai (Indonesia); and Khoeilai, Sakae and Sangkae (Thailand).


DENSITY

The timber is moderately hard and medium in weight with a density of 520-730 kg/m3 air dry.


NATURAL DURABILITY

The timber is rated as moderately durable with an average service life in contact with ground of about 3 years. It is readily attacked by pin-hole beetles but is believed to be moderately resistant to drywood termites and resistant to attacks by powder-post beetles.


PRESERVATIVE TREATMENT

The timber is easy to treat with preservatives.


TEXTURE

Texture is moderately fine to moderately coarse and uneven. Grain is straight to wavy.


STRENGTH PROPERTIES

The timber is moderately strong.


MACHINING PROPERTIES

The woodworking properties of the timber are rated as moderately easy except that the saw may blunt easily due to the presence of silica. Planing and turning give moderate results whereas boring and sanding are good.


USES

The timber can be used for interior finishing, furniture and fittings, plywood, flooring and ornamental items.


REFERENCE

  1. Wong, T. M. 1982. A Dictionary of Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. & Chung, R. C. K. Malayan Forest Records No. 30. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 201 pp.