Sentul

INTRODUCTION

The Standard Malaysian Name as well as the ASEAN Standard Name for the timber of Sandoricum spp. (Meliaceae). Vernacular names applied include kelampu (Sarawak) and sentul hutan (Sabah). Major species include S. beccarianum and S. koetjape. The sapwood is light yellow-brown with a pink tinge, gradually merging into the heartwood, which is pink to red.

Also known as Kompeng reach (Cambodia); Dembeo, Kalampu, Katul, Ketapi, Satoeh and Tapi (Indonesia); Tong (Laos); Thitto (Myanmar); Santol and Santor (Philippines); Ka Ton, Katorn and Kra thon (Thailand); and Sau, Su and Xoan dau (Vietnam).


DENSITY

The timber is soft to moderately hard and light with a density of 435-575 kg/m3 air dry.


NATURAL DURABILITY

The timber is non-durable when exposed to the weather or in contact with the ground.


PRESERVATIVE TREATMENT

The heartwood is resistant to preservative treatments.


TEXTURE

Texture is moderately fine to slightly coarse, with interlocked, sometimes wavy grain.


MACHINING PROPERTIES

The timber is easy to saw and can be planed and finished well, sometimes a little furry, and takes a high polish.


AIR DRYING

The timber seasons well with little checking and splitting.


SHRINKAGE

Shrinkage upon seasoning is low to high.


USES

The timber is suitable for light construction under cover, furniture, wooden sandals as well as packing boxes and crates.


REFERENCE

  1. Wong, T. M. 1982. A Dictionary of Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. & Chung, R. C. K. Malayan Forest Records No. 30. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 201 pp.