Kenidai

INTRODUCTION

The common Malaysian name for the trees and timber of Bridelia spp. (Euphorbiaceae). Vernacular names applied include balatotan (Sabah) and kernam (Peninsular Malaysia). Major species include B. stipularis and B. tomentosa. The sapwood is yellow-brown and is distinct from the heartwood, which is olive-grey-brown.

Also known as Kassi (India); Kanderi, Kandri and Kanyere (Indonesia); and Scrub ironbark (Papua New Guinea).


DENSITY

The timber is hard and moderately heavy to heavy with a density of 450-880 kg/m3 air dry.


NATURAL DURABILITY

The durability varies from moderately durable to non-durable under exposed conditions.


TEXTURE

Texture is moderately fine and even, with shallowly or deeply interlocked and sometimes wavy grain.


MACHINING PROPERTIES

The timber is reported to saw and machine well and works to a nice finish. However, B. tomentosa is reported to be extremely difficult to hand-saw when green.


AIR DRYING

The timber is reputed to warp badly during drying.


USES

The small size of the trees precludes any extensive utilisation of this timber. The timber is suitable as pole timbers, agriculture implements, small articles and tool handles. The attractively mottled silver grain makes the wood suitable for decorative purposes.


REFERENCE

  1. Wong, T. M. 1982. A Dictionary of Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. & Chung, R. C. K. Malayan Forest Record No. 30. Forest Research Institute Malaysia Kuala Lumpur. 201 pp.