The common Malaysian name of the trees and timber of Vitex spp. (Verbenaceae). Vernacular name applied in Sabah is kulimpapa, while in Sarawak it is known as leban paya. The most common species of the genus is V. pinnata. The sapwood is moderately clearly defined and is lighter in colour than the heartwood, which is light straw-coloured to light yellowish brown.

Also known as P.N.G teak (Australia); Milla (India); Gupasa, Ketileng, Laban, Leban bunga and Serawet (Indonesia); Kyetyo (Myanmar); Garamut (Papua New Guinea); Bongoog and Molave (Philippinea); Gufasa (Samoa Islands); Soloman vitex (Soloman Islands); Milla (Sri Lanka); and Tin Nok (Thailand).


The timber is hard and heavy with a density of 705-880 kg/m3 air dry.


The timber is reputed to be durable, even in contact with the ground.


Texture is fine and even with straight or interlocked grain.


No large sized timber is produced by this species as the boles of the tree are normally short and crooked. However, the timber has been used for posts, handles for tools and is popularly used for carving and manufacture of ornamental items.


  1. Wong, T. M. 1982. A Dictionary of Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. & Chung, R. C. K. Malayan Forest Record No. 30. Forest Research Institute Malaysia Kuala Lumpur. 201 pp.