The Standard Malaysian Name as well as the ASEAN Standard Name for the timber of Macaranga spp. (Euphorbiaceae). Vernacular names include benuah (Sarawak), kubin (Peninsular Malaysia), linkabong (Sabah), mahang (Peninsular Malaysia) with various epithets, marakubong (Sabah), merkabong (Sabah), mesepat (Peninsular Malaysia) and sedaman (Sabah) with various epithets. Major species include M. beccarianus, M. gigantea, M. hosei, M. hypoleuca, M. lowii, M. pruinosa and M. winkleri. The sapwood is not differentiated from the heartwood, which is light yellow-brown, occasionally with a pink tinge.

Also known as Mavu (Fiji); Mahang Kapur and Mahang manggong (Indonesia); Petawaing (Myanmar); Macaranga (Papua New Guinea); Hamindang (Philippines); Lau-pata (Samoa Islands); and Lo (Thailand).


The timber is soft to moderately hard and light to moderately heavy, with density of most species ranging from 270-495 kg/m3 air dry. The timber is classified under Light Hardwood in Malaysia.


The timber is reputed to be non-durable.


Texture is moderately fine and even, with straight to shallowly interlocked grain.


The timber is reported to be very easy to work.   


The timber is suitable for the manufacture of match splints, match boxes, pulp and paper, particleboard, cement-bonded board and plywood. Peeled mahang poles are frequently used for temporary construction and especially for parts of native houses, which are not in contact with the ground. The timber is used for light framing, interior or trim, mouldings as well as packing boxes and crates. In the Philippines, it is a favourite wood for wooden shoes.


  1. Menon, P. K. B. 1986. Uses of Some Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. Timber Trade Leaflet No. 31. The Malaysian Timber Industry Board and Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 48 pp.
  2. Wong, T. M. 1982. A Dictionary of Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. & Chung, R. C. K. Malayan Forest Records No. 30. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 201 pp.