The Standard Malaysian Name for the timber of Dacrycarpus imbricatus, Nageia spp. and Podocarpus spp. (Podocarpaceae). Vernacular names applied include podo (Peninsular Malaysia) with various epithets, jati bukit (Peninsular Malaysia), jati laut (Peninsular Malaysia), kayu china (Sabah), kebal musang (Peninsular Malaysia), lampias (Sabah), landin (Sarawak), rempayan (Sabah), ru bukit (Peninsular Malaysia) and setada (Peninsular Malaysia). Major species include Dacrycarpus imbricatus; Nageia motleyi, N. wallichiana; Podocarpus neriifolius, P. polystachyus and P. rumphii. The sapwood is not distinct from the heartwood, which is light yellow with a greenish tinge or light golden brown.

Also known as Amunu and Kuasi (Fiji); Thitmin (India); Jamuju and Melur (Indonesia); Ka dong (Laos); Thitmin (Myanmar); Miro, White pine and Yellow pine (New Zealand); Brown podocarp and Low mountain podocarp (Papua New Guinea); Malaalmaciga and Malakauayan (Philippines); and Phayamai (Thailand).



The timber is a Softwood and varies considerably in hardness and in density, which ranges from 380 to 920 kg/m3 air dry.


The timber is non-durable under exposed conditions.


Texture is very fine and even, with straight grain.


The timber falls into Strength Group C (Burgess, 1958).


The timber is easy to work and the planed surface is smooth and lustrous.


The timber is reported to season well without serious degrade.


The timber is suitable for decorative works, interior finishing, panelling, mouldings, high class furniture and cabinets, joinery, plywood, flooring, staircase (baluster, balustrade, handrail, newel and sprandrel framing), pencil, disposable chopsticks and tooth picks.


  1. Burgess, H. J. 1958. Strength Grouping of Malaysian Timbers. Malayan Forest Service Trade Leaflet No.25. The Malaysian Timber Industry Board and Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 15 pp.
  2. Menon, P. K. B. 1986. Uses of Some Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. Timber Trade Leaflet No. 31. The Malaysian Timber Industry Board and Forest Research Insitute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 48 pp.
  3. Wong, T.M. 1982. A Dictionary of Malaysian Timbers. Revised by Lim, S. C. & Chung, R. C. K. Malayan Forest Record No. 30. Forest Research Institute Malaysia Kuala Lumpur. 201 pp.